I want to tell and show a little how to make a knife on the knife.
So, the material for handle will serve:
- Suwel Maple Yelienist;
- patterned nut;
- epoxy adhesive.
We will assume that the blade is ready for us, with an attached combaster.
Since the beginning of a hacksaw of an ordinary sawing wooden bars (cap and walnut) under the angle we need .
And align the sawn surfaces on sandpaper, but I liked the mesh more (as in the photo). She is not clogged.
After 45min. Meditation on the grid, we get a dense fit of the planes of the bores:
On the other hand, there is a looseness, but it is not scary. Since this is a trail from the hacksaw and he from the edge that will still be stripped during the impression of the handle forms ы
So to speak to save time and strength!
Next applying a blade shank mark a pencil place where it will pass
And drill a hole using a drill, diameter as a shank itself. Or a little more.
I had two holes, the partitions were removed between them with the help of herd (which broke visually from old age) and a file.
And important! When forming a hole, it is more often inserted by a shank and check the parallelism of the blade and the trees. In the course of the case and will be visible from what sides to told.
Because I drove the drill, and then the drill can take a little to the side.
Further prepare the necessary set for handles. The sequence is as follows: Blade-combaster-plastic-suwel plastic-brass plastic-nut.
And we collect all this, and look at the eye of the eagle as accurately we have done work.
Well, everything is ready for gluing! We go to the kitchen where the table is already covered in a strange way!
Among everything I want to mark a black toner for printers, a couple of drops of which I add to the glue to give it black.
And do not forget to climb the blade with a molar scotch, so that it would not be swollen it. Further, all the details of the handle are wiped with alcohol. First of all, we fill with the prepared glue into the opening of the main tree and remove to the side - let it stand that the epoxy is penetrated into all the hidden places of the response. Whom I hope not. And we begin to miss all the components with glue. They smeared one thing - put on the shank, etc.
Upon completion of the entire procedure, clamp the workpiece in the homemade device, while thoroughly checking all the evenness and parallelism.
Clamping it should be without "fanatism", so that there would be no stresses in the handle
And we leave the turn it will dry for a day or a little more.
Well, our billet dried. The epoxy remaining on the wood has become solid and does not make a nail.
First, the file align the plane to make it easier to appline the handle .
With the help of a template, we supply the circuit by a regular pencil
And the long turning process begins. Whatever do not heal a lot of wood with a file with a file, a press came to the rescue. That's how it happened after her:
Next, there is nothing to comment on - a file, an emotion. Reception of the process: .
And at the end of the process for the conservation of the tree and giving it beauty, the handle was impregnated with Danish Oil oil 3 times. And covered with wax carnub .
Somehow like this...
The advantages of the knife are evaluated by the material of the blade, the quality of its processing and sharpening features. But, on the shape and ergonomics of the handle also depends on its functionality and the latitude of application. Make a simple knife handle at home in the presence of material and tools are not difficult - there are step-by-step instructions, in the photo. Options for design and manufacturing techniques such a piece for blade a lot. But, before work, you need to choose the form and material from which the handle will be made.
Forms of handles
The design of each knife, from the hunting to the joinery tool is simple - blades and handle. The remaining details are a vykutny mechanism and decorations, are not the main and are not present in each tool. Buying the majority draws attention to the quality of the blade, but not everyone is thinking about the comfort of the handle. The shape of the handle often indicates the area of use, and it must be well lying in the hand:
Direct - such handles are more common on the cheapest kitchen knives. The brush tired of long-term use and when used is not directly intended.
Oval - such a shape of the handle is classified to the most convenient and used for the production of hunting and table knives. The tool is easier to keep long in the palm.
Cone - handle has a narrowing in close to the blade or to the edge of the side. The second option is more common - the hand is less tired and less often clenches from the tool.
In addition to ordinary models, handles with concave and convex form are common - they are more convenient in comparison with standard. The occasionally handles are made according to the individual scheme - depending on the region of further use of the knife (the tool of the joiner or butcher) is permissible. If the tool is well in hand, and they can work for a long time, then this is the best option.
On a note!
Hunters often choose knives with a convex handle - this form is stronger than others and multifunctional.
Materials and tools
Choosing a material to pull the knife handle with your own hands, you need to look at the intention of this tool. You can choose from plastics, metals, leather, synthetic fibers, berers and wood. More often choose the last, due to the simplicity of processing and high prevalence. The material for the knife handle is chosen from the trees of the following varieties:
Amarant, wenge or rosewood are bought from exotic and expensive species - special texture, color and high strength. Lumber needs not much, but be sure to take into account the margin that will be irretrievably lost. In the manufacture of handles, not only a wooden bar for sizes and a knife blade, but also a tool for processing with additional materials:
Durable adhesive for wood;
emery skin or paper;
Nadfils and files.
Beresto also belongs to wood materials, but this name does not mean an ordinary bark with birch. It is more like a moisture-resistant composite, which is cheaper than a natural tree. The material is made of a small bark of birch, tar and epoxy resin under the press. If you do a knife for a knife from Berriest, you need to add a set of tools by others, as in the case of other options.
Type of fastening knob
There are only 2 options for fastening the handle to the blade - the dying ("rat tail") and the invoice (2 halves are fixed with rivets or screws). Regardless of the material taken, the features and molding of the blade are taken into account. If the blade initially produced for a ridiculous handle, then it is possible to remake it under the lining, only welding an additional area near the fastener, and this reduces the strength. Otherwise, the extra metal is simply spilled. Of the advantages of "rat tail" indicate:
Visual appeal. In the manufacture of handles with their own hands from a tree or horns, the handle remains solid outside, and in the case of a set of several rocks, you can add individuality.
Convenience. The closed type of handle reduces the weight of the outcome tool, easily replace, and reliably protect the palm of the owner from electricity and contrast temperatures.
Practicality. A coarse handle can be made in any form and any size. The "rat tail" allows you to replace the handle on any segment of the tree in an emergency case.
For handles from 2 linings, the blade is prepared specifically - an extended part of the metal, in form completely (in rare cases, not to the end) coincides with the handle. The linings are fixed by rivets or bolts, through the holes in the blade itself. This option is more durable, but easily spends current and temperature. Make lining more difficult, but most hunters, tourists and fishermen choose this format of handles.
In the case of a folding knife, the choice is not worth it - an overhead handle is the simplest option. Otherwise, you need to redo the design of the blade, which will reduce its strength in general.
Handle manufacturers: Instructions
Non-rigid knife is simple on its own design - it simplifies the process of manufacturing the handle. An example of such a need is the finished blade with a broken handle. It is not difficult to make a replacement from the undergraduate materials - such a knife will be restored. You can try to choose an option in your preferences and get a good handle for a multifunction blade.
The tool for the manufacture of the handle on the knife is chosen on the basis of the material - it is more often a tree. To process lumber, you can use electric woodworking machines, chisels, files. If the choice is stopped on the metal, then another auxiliary tool is needed - vice, abrasive stones, drill or fitting machine. The list is changed in accordance, but there is a general principle - the beginning of the work is prepared all available for processing.
Requirements for size and form
The minimum length of normal handle for the knife, for example, hunting, ranges from 11 cm to 13 cm - there is a dependence on the width of the owner's palm. The form is set depending on the purposes, based on the principle of a more convenient option. In the case of a hunting tool, it is more often preferred to make a convex handle. If you need a great reliability when working, then pay attention to the need to expand at the end and location of the force for the dwelling.
Types of materials used
Choosing the material for the knob on the knife, you need to pay attention not only to its availability. It should be durable and easy to process. If we produce a handle from wood, it is better to prepare it yourself - cut off the branch of nut, acacia or oak. If you choose the skin, then it should be thick, for example - old belt. Plastics, composites and metals are more difficult to process. But, depending on the overall strength, the reliability of the final product is also changing.
Natural wood is easier in processing and has high strength, so suitable for making a knob on a knife. When choosing a bar for the workpiece pay attention to solid rocks - the most accessible walnut and maple. If there is no suitable piece at hand, you can take some of the old parquet board. Handles for knives from such a tree are no worse than from ordinary birch - parquet make only durable varieties. Advantages of wooden billets:
easy to set the form;
In the manufacture of a wooden knob for a knife, you need to additionally stock with durable glue, impregnation to protect against corrosion and increasing wear resistance and varnish for staining.
The barking handle for the knife is more accessible and easier in the production issue. Not harvested composite material are used more often, but prepare the handle in the set version. For such a handle, you need to plunge the vice or clamp, the segments of the birch bark, a durable adhesive composition and a tool for the final processing of the composite. The manufacture of a set bar can be performed according to the following algorithm:
Beresto is cut into small mugs, rectangles or squares (depends on the intended form).
Each piece is wedged with glue, for example, a two-component polyester resin (epoxy).
The segments are folded into the briquette and clamping at least 24 hours into vice - there is a polyethylene between the cheeks and bark.
When the composite bar dry and acquire the necessary strength, you can cut a set handle for a knife. More suitable for the "rat" tail, as it is not recommended to cut the rivets into 2 halves and drive the rivets across the material. The main disadvantage of the handle from the birch crust is the adsorbing properties - it is impossible to ferment fish and game or there will be an unpleasant odor. Therefore, homemade kitchen or hunting knife with a handle from a typical composite should not do.
Natural skin can also be used as a handle material - a set option. The process is carried out by analogy with birch bark - cutting, gluing, processing. The wear resistance of such a typest handle is high, as well as the comfort of the material itself - it is pleasant to the touch and does not hold the palm. The skin, with improper care, can be drown, so the knife, after use, is necessarily washed, dried and wedged with wax-based and paraffin.
Composite materials and plastics, according to their own characteristics, are not inferior in the strength of natural. In private examples even exceed. The plastic on the structure has a high density, so does not absorb water, does not absorb odors, does not carry out electricity, but has a small weight. With proper forming, such a handle will be pleasant to the touch, and the knife can be used without excess fatigue.
The main disadvantage of such materials is the complexity of processing. If there is a good high-strength plastic bar in access - it can be adapted to the handle. But, calming or integrated is difficult - you need a specific instrument, additives and compliance with the technological environment. Knives with such handles easier to buy in the finished form. The only way to reproduce the house is a 3D printer, but it is not available to everyone, and strength depends on raw materials.
As a disadvantage, the complexity of the installation of a plastic handle on the knife is also noted - in the case of fixing with rivets or in the game, you can split the workpiece, and the fastening screws is not the most durable.
All-metal or hollow handles on the knives are not applicable everywhere. They increase the mass of the blade and increase its conductivity for temperature and electricity. In this case, high strength allows you to use a knife as a shock tool. The method of making linings is simple - the template is transferred to the sheet metal of the desired thickness, cut out and fastened.
For the ride metal handle, you can use the steel pipe. But, in its own form, it is not always ergonomic and aesthetic. Often, the appropriate rod on the lathe along the specified sketch and drill the through hole for the locking of the blade. The lack of tubular options is the requirements for the length of the shank - it must be 1-2 cm long handle.
Metal handles are more often manufactured by a good way, in particular a particular way suitable when the blade is broken from the base. To strengthen the connection point, you can apply trick - to make seams extended along the length of the entire blade by selecting the desired metal segment. But, a significant increase in strength, when conducting work at home, we should not expect an ordinary welding machine.
Reznoplast is an inexpensive and high-strength composite material that is easy to process and elastic. The finished blade will not slide in your hand or carry out electricity. The manufacturing process is simple - cut blanks in shape and glue in an arbitrary order. You can experiment with rubbing in the matter of combining materials, adding wood, metal or inserts from set leather. Plasticity allows you to make both game and overhead types of pens.
The advantage over natural materials for knife handles is in immunity to water and strangers. Reznoplast after cleaning the fish or gutting the game is enough to penetrate with soap and that's it. The thermal conductivity is also low - in the cold the palms will not try to the tool. But, when working with high temperatures and fire, such a handle becomes dangerous - rubbing flammable material.
Leave a knife with such a handle near open fire in the room is prohibited. If only the tool is injured on the street, then a fire may begin in an apartment or house.
The use of synthetic fibrous materials, more often assumes a braid. The availability of this option is high - you can buy a tape or cord and wind on the base of the knife. For synthetic fiber of this type, not every blade is suitable - the "rat tail" will not proper, due to the small diameter of the base. Such a knife will be used inconvenient, and the braid tears. Synthetic fibrous materials include separate groups of composites based on polyester resins with reinforcing fiber or grid, an example - textolite. It is easy to process and it is protected from the effects of aggressive substances. The advantages include such a number of characteristics:
resistant to shock and deforming loads;
does not absorb water, odors and other substances;
Material refers to dielectrics;
Withstands high temperatures and does not burn.
The workpiece is easy to fasten on the knob to the second or false way. But, the texture of this composite is homogeneous - beauty from the textolite is difficult to achieve. The main advantage of this material is not an aesthetic side. If the strength, multifunctionality and ease of use of the final product are important, then the best synthetic fiber in the polyester resin will not be found. The only way to get beautiful handles is a curly cutting with further painting suitable for textolite composition.
For simplified manufacturing of handles for a knife with an oval form, it is recommended to consider using ready-made drawings. It is enough to print, move the drawing on the verge of blanks and sharpened. If there is no access to the printer, then when using standard sizes and an additional tool, the image can be calculated and put the drawings manually. After the manufacture of the handle will remain to choose a solid method of fixing and mount it on the blade. To observe accuracy, you can remove your own knife size and prepare your drawing.
On a note!
To increase the strength of the compound and the additional insulation of the metal from the effects of water or other liquids, it is recommended to wash the joint with glue. The best option of such a composition is a two-component polyester resin. Such a tool is bred according to the instructions and, after applying, leave to dry for 24 hours.
Fastening of the handle to the blade
Depending on the shape of the blade and the selected material, the molding of the knife for the knife will be different. The simplest option is a ridicular shank with a wooden handle. In order not to split, the opening of a small diameter is drilled in the workpiece, the protective sealing ring is worn and the "rat tail" in the tree ride with light tapping. The glue in this case is not required, but the material needs to be treated with anti-corrosion impregnation. If a handle from other materials is mounted on such a shank, then follow these rules:
On the tail part of the blade make notches to harden the compound by adhesive composition and fixation for the handle material.
When connecting to a metal handle, you can cut the junction location or split the tail.
In the case of a small tail part of the blade, its tip can be adjusted for greater strength of fasteners.
If the workpiece is made in the case of the lining and the width of the seat on the blade allows them to be attached to consider the installation by rivets and screws. Recommended to put an in-block connection - large durability and less replacement of fasteners. This method is suitable for any materials, in addition to conventional plastics, the cause in its fragility and susceptibility to the shock load. After drying the adhesive compositions and the completion of the main works, we begin finishing and decorating a new handle.
The self-made knife on the knife can be done unique - any material suitable for such use can be reappeted. In business, you can show your fantasy and accuracy - real handmade. The sketch of engraving or photos is prepared in advance, calculating the sizes of the handle. You can apply such a pattern to all materials beyond the set, but for each there is its own technique:
The burning pattern is suitable for wood, plastics, rubbing and composites.
Engraving is more versatile, but for such a picture you need a tool and a fair propulsion share.
The etching is suitable only for metal handles, but the other parts need to be protected.
On soft materials, a different ornament can be cut into a joinery knife, but such a complex work.
If there is no such possibilities or desire, then the drawing make paint. You can decorate the handle using a paracord braid or leather cord. Simple options do not look unique and sufficiently common, but there are schemes with interesting patterns that need to be flipped by instructions. Examples of braids that will give the grace of grace:
By combining several separate options and colors of the cord, you can get a new beautiful look of weaving. Paraconords for braids are two and three-color from the very beginning, which will give the pattern a greater depth - you just need to show fantasy and work your hands for an interesting result. The handle in the braid will slide less, and the cord can absorb sweat and other extraneous liquids. Some craftsmen flop the interesting pattern right on the blade shank and pour it with epoxy resin or make an artificial amber as the basis for the handle.
Make a handle for a knife with your own hands, not to the end is not difficult. The simplest way is to label the shank blade with a cord or pull it out of a wooden bar. But, the choice of material depends on the general aesthetic views and the necessary strength. Depending on the manufacturing and fastening technique, the handle must be fixed with adhesive compositions. After the work done, the finished handle is decorated with an ornament, tighten the skin or tired with a cord.
A high-quality knife is the perfect birthday gift or new year. Of course, now on the market their range is huge: from the most affordable to multifunctional "Swiss". But the knife will become the exclusive, with the handle made by the handle.
Methods for fastening the handle
An ordinary knife (hunting or kitchen) consists of a blade and handle. Assessing the quality of the instrument, pay attention to the blade material, the form of the blade and sharpness, although the quality of the handle is no less important. The maneuverability of the knife and the efficiency of working with it depends on the successful form and size of the handle. The latter can be made of wood, plastic, wine plugs, plywood. The blade can be attached to the handle in two ways: Owners or Overhead .
On the blade there remains a narrow shank, to which the handle is satisfied. The advantages of this design will be:
Ease of use. The weight of such a knife will be insignificant, which matters with constant movements in the forest;
practicality. In this way, you can connect the handle of any size or form to the blade;
Aesthetics. Typically, in the manufacture of such handles combine various materials;
Uncomplicated maintenance due to the simplicity of the design.
The only but significant drawback of this type of fastening is insufficient reliability.
The overhead method of fixing the blade to the handles assumes that the blade has a wide shank that corresponds to the form of the handle. The handle is assembled from two linings that are fixed on the shank with pins or rivets.
The advantages of this method:
Reliability of attachment of handles.
The disadvantages of overhead handles include:
The considerable weight of the whole knife.
Limit of shape and size of the handle.
High electro- and thermal conductivity. On the frost with bare hands, you will not work for a long time.
Requirements for size and form
The shape of the knife has no less value than the method of attaching the handle. The most convenient is an oval handle, which the hand can hold for a long time.
The straight handle does not have any extensions or narrowings. Usually such a handle is attached to kitchen knives.
The conical handle has an extension forward, which is more common, or back. This is the most ergonomic form, due to which the knife does not slip out of the palm.
Some blades make with typical handles of a convex or concave form. The latter is not very convenient, so hunters prefer specimens with a convex handle.
Flat knives occupy very little space, but during the long work of their face dug in hand. The persistent form of handles resembles a crack and is usually used for cutting tools.
The length of the blade is determined by the appointment of the knife . For the hunting tool, the optimal is considered a blade of about 10 cm long, which is suitable for the cutting of game, and for economic purposes. The length of the handle must be at least 11 cm. The knife width depends solely on the owner's preferences.
Suitable materials and necessary tools
Usually, for gift copies, knives are chosen with a tree handle. Not all wood is suitable for processing. In order for the subsequent use, the deformations did not occur, the material is necessary to dry well. Most often, the basis of the handle is the wood of solid rocks: the brushes, iron, ebony, nut, birch, oak, rosewood.
Note! For special occasions, you can make a knife from Amaranta, Merbau or Bubing.
You can make a handle from other materials: synthetic or natural. The masters are originally designing Beresto, textolite, plexiglass, horns of noble deer, elephant bone.
When working with a handle, the following tools will be needed: Raspille, chisel, cutter (if a tree is selected), abrasive materials and vice (for working with metal). To work with solid wood, you can take advantage of the jigsaw, drill.
Instructions for manufacture
Working with a tree requires some experience. But even a newcomer can make a handle.
To make a knife with an original handle needed:
Material for handle (wood with humidity no more than 15% with original pattern and texture);
fasteners (epoxy resin for the ride mount or bar of the desired diameter);
Required tool tool.
Cut the knife handle
With the help of a ribbon saw cut the handle. For subsequent grinding, there are reserves of about 3 mm.
Drill holes for pins
Holes for pins are drilled on a drilling machine.
Both halves of the future handle are connected and the blade is applied on top. The shank mark the location of the holes on the tree. Drill both halves to drill both at the same time to avoid distortion.
The drill must be taken a little more than the thickness of the pin. First, drill the nearest hole to the blade, then on the opposite side, then in the center.
Cut the pins in size
In the finished holes of the two halves of the workpiece you need to insert one of the pins. It marks the place of the cut. On the pins on both sides of the handle, it is necessary to leave the allowance of about 3 mm. The saw for metal is cut into the desired number of pins.
Important! You can always shorten the pins, so better if they are longer.
Before gluing, you must make sure that the pins are freely included in the holes.
Glue the handle and epoxy resin blade
Before gluing, the workpiece is grinding from the side of the blade. If you do after collecting the workpiece, that is, danger to damage the blade.
For gluing, clips are needed, brushes, pins, sheet of paper and epoxy resin. Before working, it is better to collect the finished design a couple of times to reveal and eliminate the shortcomings. Epoxy resin is prepared according to the instructions. One of the blanks are applied by a thin layer gluing base.
The treated resin part is connected to the shank, pins are inserted. Then the gluing base covers the second part of the workpiece, which also attach to the shank. Design assembled.
Next clamp the handle on both sides. After five minutes, the connection must be checked. If the epoxy resin is squeezed on a metal base, then it is removed immediately.
After complete drying, the knife can be processed to grinding.
Grind the knife knob
Start processing from the outer edge and spend until the workpiece becomes flush with the shank. Smooth wood is attached to several stages. Coarse treatment is carried out by sandpaper. Thin grinding can be done manually or on the machine.
Important! Relief surfaces in front of thin grinding are treated with flaxseed oil. So you can climb small grooves and emphasize the expressiveness of the picture.
Before grinding the handle from light woody rocks is carried out with a threshold. It warns the absorption of grinding dust into the handle.
Grinding form the whole handle, periodically turning it. Now it remains to hide sticking pins. They are also grinding until the moment they will flush with the handle.
After grinding, the handle is covered with a layer of varnish. When the upper layer is oh, it is possible for greater smoothness to re-treat the wood with grinding paper. Then the wood is revealed to the lacquer until a complete burden. The process can be repeated several times.
You can decorate with a handle in various ways - braid, pyrography, thread, leather trim. The most popular way, despite the novelties (Schreshow, etc.), remains braid due to their durability and aesthetic. Before any decoration, a wooden handle must be deguted.
Skin braid is a simple process that has minor nuances.
Before working the braid, it is necessary to dip in warm water for a few minutes. . The skin will become militant and soft. The cord must be about 10 mm width. For braids take skin segment as four length knives handles.
One end of the strapping is applied to a knife knob. Adhesive tape fasten the skin to the handle below the blade. To secure the cord, you need to wind the handle several times. When forming a winding, you need to push the cord as much as possible. The first round should hide the adhesive tape.
Now you need to wind up the handle almost to the end, leaving about 2 cm. Then the braid is distributed throughout the handle.
Important! There should be no empty space between the turns.
After filling the handle, the braid remains to tie a node, crop over the material. The knife is almost ready - it remains only to dry the skin. She wrinkles a little, becoming stronger.
There are many braid design options:
To make the skin become flexible, it should be placed in warm water. The raw pieces need to be mashed several hours. For finishing, it is better to use born skin.
The softened material must be firmly wrapped around the knife handle, mark the pruning areas. Scissors remove excess skin, leaving the allowances on the seam on each side of 2.5 cm.
Now evenly along the entire length of the flap, the seer is pierced holes on both sides of the skin. The handle is wrapped with a piece of leather and stitched holes with a marking seam. From the reverse side of the flap at the end of the work you need to tie a node.
After complete skin drying, the knife is ready to use.
Attention! During the decoration of the handle, it is better to keep the knife in the case in order not to hurt.
The process of creating a unique knife is not easy. To work with any material for handles, skill and knowledge is required. Perhaps the first blade will seem non-pieces, but each subsequent newcomer will bring the top of the skill. Even the first result is invested invested - such a knife will definitely not be anyone.
Kitchen or shopping knives usually serve for a long time and they get so you get so you get so much that it is a pity to throw away even if the handle broke. Is it possible to restore it without the expensive time and money? What is needed for this?
We use a way that will not require special skills and knowledge from us, and at the same time, it will take literally for its implementation. To work, we will need, first of all,
Polymorphus - self-hardening thermoplastic
Which is heated (enough 65 degrees Celsius) becomes plastic, and when cooled hardens, acquiring all properties of plastics: hardness, elasticity, and at the same time there are very greater strength. Read more about this miracle Material Read here -
http://ali.pub/3j4l0o. Additionally, we will need:
Metal part of the knife (blade and shank);
sandpaper and napkins;
Two hot and cold water tanks;
source for heating water, such as an electric kettle;
Knife handling order
We put in order the metal part of the knife: we remove the remains of the old handle, we clean the oxidized places using the sandpaper and wipe the paper or tissue napkins. It also does not hurt the shank to degrease alcohol or another fast-fledging means.
We fall asleep superplastic in the container (but not only in plastic - it sticks to it) and pour hot water heated to a temperature not lower than 65 degrees Celsius.
Slightly stir (deforming) the mass, you can the tip of the shank, until the entire volume of plastic becomes transparent.
Carefully remove the softened plastic from the water and begin to form a handle on the knife shank without delay.
It can be given any desired shape, for example, an anatomically appropriate brush with a compressed hand. To do this, it is enough to grab the softened plastic on the entire length of the shank and hold them in a compressed position for some time.
It is also necessary to form the Garda and the tick (end) - respectively, the front limiter and the back of the handle. They are needed for safety and ease of work with a cutting tool.
To the handle from polymorphus formed on the shank, it cooled faster, it can be lowered into a cold-water container.
This plastic, cooling, gives a minor shrinkage, so "sit" a new handle on a knife shank will be very reliable without additional devices.
Testing handles for strength
The fact that the handle has completely cooled and acquired the maximum strength signals the color - it loses its transparency and becomes white. After that, the handle can be subjected to various tests for testing strength.
We hit a handle on a solid surface and even beat on it with a sweaty hammer - the result is zero: the form does not change, no dents, there are no scratches and, moreover, cracks.
Now this knife is ready for any method of use and even throwing in a target from a decent distance.
Prospects and dignity
Handle from polymorphus will save hands from the burn, even if the knife is boiling water. This material is absolutely eco-friendly and does not represent any danger to people's health.
Handles can be given any color if add coloring powder pigments in the plastic in the molten state. Also, if you did not like her form, then after heating it is possible to adjust, and many times, and the handle from it does not affect it.
And last, which is very important! This superplasticion can not be heated over 200 degrees Celsius.
Watch the video
The knife handle can be made of wood, berers, acrylic, plastics and other materials. The simplest is to perform the winding of the tail of the blade with synthetic fibers, and even they will be able to make the product unique, just to use multi-colored cords and interesting weaving technique. Perform work simply, all the starting materials are in a free sale, and the tool set will be needed minimal.
It is believed that the length of the knife's handle varies within 10-13 cm, but its thickness should be selected individually.
Knife handle: characteristics and properties
Structurally, any knife is the simplest device that consists of blades and handles. For a knife, according to many, it is the quality of the blade that plays a big role, but it is the handle that will make it convenient to use. When choosing, one must take into account different factors - the size of which material is made, weight and so on.
It is important to remember about the form of a knife for a knife, and it can be:
Cone . It has an extension forward or backward, it is more common exactly the first option, because it is considered more convenient to use. Experienced masters claim that the cone handle is characterized by perfect ergonomics, does not slip away.
Oval . The most practical for use for a long time - the handle is fluently held, while the muscles of the brush or fingers are not strained. Oval handles are installed not only on "workers", hunting knives, but also on standard canteens.
Straight . A distinctive feature of such a handle is the absence of any thickens or narrowings. Most often, straight handles are installed on kitchen knives, but for hunting tool of this type categorically does not fit - the brush hands gets tired quickly, the knife will not be held firmly.
In addition to the listed standard forms, there are knobs concave or convex form. Such are installed on Japanese blades, hunters generally prefer knives with convex handles.
We recommend reading the article
The best vykutny knives
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And here more about how to make a knife yourself.
What happens to knife: size, thickness
Handle for a knife should have an individual size, thickness, for example, is selected personally: it should be conveniently placed in the hand and not be too thick or too thin. In the first case, the knife will fall out of the hand, in the second - fingers and the whole brush will be constantly in a voltage and the tool will not work for a long time.
As for the length of handles, the parameters 11-13 cm are most convenient / practical.
National team, combined
Prefabricated, combined knife handles are the most popular options. With their manufacture, one material is used, but different species - for example, 3-4 species of trees can be present on one handle, they are sometimes even delivered from different continents.
When such a handle is made, then first the set of combined materials occurs, then they will be dried / glued, and only after that begin to be processed - the wizard will give the form of the already assembled handle.
Screwed knife handles
The upper part of the handle, its top is called a knife handle. It can be made of metal - brass, copper, steel and be the most of the different shape - from the usual ball before imitation of the head of the lion or owl.
It is important that you are not too heavy and massive - the knife will be literally "inappropriate", even a good choice of material and tool handle shapes will not give the opportunity to work for a long time.
We are always an independent unit from the point of view of the entire design, can be used to connect the parts of the handle (for example, with a combined type), serve an exclusively decoration or installed for the product balance correction.
For cold weapons
Cold weapons are knives with handles from any material, acrylic and plastics are used from modern popularity, Because they possess the following properties:
are not subject to aggressive impact of external factors;
do not rot, do not mold;
do not absorb moisture and do not slide in the palm of palm;
Do not absorb smells;
Cold weapons are often selected in the blade / blade and, according to experts, it is correct. Moreover, the handle can always be replaced - plastics and acrylic repairable.
For hunting knives
For hunting knives, wooden handles are most often made, on which various patterns are applied. Usually, the handle has a convex form, its thickness is selected by the size of the palm of the future owner, the length rarely exceeds 13 cm.
If it is possible to find a timenta, horns or bones, then it is better to make a handle for a hunting knife from these materials - they do not absorb smells, do not glide in the hand, do not perceive the aggressive exposure to water. And on bone handles, you can also perform patterns.
In addition to three standard species, a knife handle shape can be:
Convex . This is the most convenient option that is suitable for knives of different orientation - from hunting to professional kitchens. May have thickening in the middle part of the handle or narrowing - the second option is not too practical, but many get used to it.
Concave . Very comfortable in use, always have recesses under the fingers, the knife with such a handle is always comfortable "falls" in hand. The only drawback - such handles are not suitable for all types of knives: for example, for chopping, they never apply.
Stubborn . It is reminded by castets, they are considered not functional and often perform the role of tool decoration. However, knives with stubborn handles are often used for cutting large pieces of meat.
Flat . Never are used for long work, because the edges of the handle are absorbed into the palm, cause discomfort and force the hand to constantly remain in the voltage state. But such knives occupy little space, differ in compactness.
Fastening Type: Sad, Overlay
The handle to the blade can be mounted in two ways - to the ride and overlaps.
This type is distinguished by the following advantages:
has an attractive view;
This method is attached to the blade any kind of handle, its any form;
The weight of the coarse pens is low;
They can be repaired and completely replaced;
He has a low heat / electrical conductivity.
With the overall type of fastening, the handle can be attached using two-component glue, screwed, stud. Professionals note that this fastening has a significant drawback - it is not as strong as the overhead.
A knife with a false type of attachment of the handle has a long shank, which must be fully identical to the shape of the handle. On this shank (continued metal blade) plates (lining) are attached and fixed with screws or rivets.
The advantages of the overhead handle:
elementality of manufacture;
Maximum strength of the whole design.
There is such a type of fastening knife knobs and disadvantages:
The weight of the product is large enough (due to the presence of a shank);
The choice of shape and the size of the handle is limited;
The level of heat and electrical conductivity is very high.
It is believed that a knife with an overhead handle is unlikely to work for a long time to work, for example, in the cold - the hand will quickly freeze and get tired. But the strength of such a tool is so high that it outweighs all its shortcomings.
Why do you need Kumaru on knife handle
Often, Kumaru plates are used on the knife to handle, which are considered not only scenery, but also material to create a practically eternal instrument. This tree grows in South America, its second name "Iron Tree". The plant is not subject to any destruction: does not rot, not destroyed by insects, does not give in to the negative impact of mold and fungus.
Kumaru is very difficult to process because of its incredible hardness / density, so in the manufacture of the handles, the plates are previously treated on professional machines. Such additional linings will retain the main material of the handling material from damage.
If you believe the legends of some nations South America, then this tree protects a person from evil spirits and negative energy. If you study any tool with the handles in these tribes, then you can find overlays, inserts from Kumarin.
Different interesting forms
You can meet interesting forms that are distinguished by non-standard execution.
Knife handle options
Convex with finger slots (a la caste)
With imagine in the form of head eagle
With finger recesses
With curly edges
How to make a knife handle
You can make a knife for a knife alone and, in principle, from any material, the stages of the process are as follows:
Selection of material for handle. It may be standard wood or something more interesting - for example, plastics or bone.
Drawing drawings. This is a mandatory procedure that allows you to decide on the size of the knife handle, its shape and calculate labor and material costos.
Actually make handles. The most responsible stage, but if the two previous ones are fulfilled, then this will not be a problem.
Fastening the finished handle to the existing blade.
At the end of the work, you can attract your fantasy and decorate the finished product, for example: to wind the handle with leather strips, perform curly notches on the handle and so on.
Look at the video on how to make a knife for a knife with your own hands:
Tools for making with your own hands
For the manufacture of knobs for a knife, you will need the following tool:
To work with wood - the chisel, the rashpil, grinding machine, cutter;
In the manufacture of metal - the vice of fastening, stones with an abrasive surface;
For processing materials overly high strength - jigsaws, chisels, drills.
Additionally, for the manufacture of a handle from a tree, it will necessarily need impregnation of the material - it can be linen olifa or professional fluids to protect wood from the negative effect of environmental factors and moisture.
What to do, materials
You can make a knife handle from a variety of materials - acrylic and skin, bone mass and beerates, plastic and rubbing. But most often for such works use wood. She, by the way, is also different and distinctive qualitative characteristics should be taken into account when choosing a particular plant.
Advantages of wooden knife handles:
low weight (you can work tool for a long time);
does not slide even in wet hand;
perfectly absorbs moisture, including sweat;
Treatment / Production of this part of the knife is light, even an absolute novice will cope with the work.
There are disadvantages of such handles - for example, most wood breeds are distinguished by low impact resistance, and impregnating with protective means is required.
What tree do how manufacturing
The manufacture of a wooden knob for a knife is starting from the choice of a particular material, and similar products are made of dense breeds - cherry, apple tree, pear, heather and so on.
If you want something exotic, then you should pay attention to the following representatives of the flora:
Amaranth . Growing in South and Central America, wood has a purple shade and lines straight or slightly curved. The plant is highly resistant to rotting and injuries from insects. It is hard enough and it takes a certain skill - too slow work with an amarantine leads to a rich allocation of resin, which scores tools.
It is worth paying attention to one feature of the amaranth: when it is processed, the development of allergies is possible, which is manifested by abundant tear, the skin itching and eye irritation.
Bubega . The tree grows in Africa and is distinguished by a pink shade of wood. Annual rings are available, they sometimes acquire bizarre forms, and the fibers can be located in different directions. The material is distinguished by durability, resistant to the negative impact of moisture and insects. Bubing is processed easily, must be impregnated with specific materials.
At the end of the work, such a material can be polished and even covered with varnish - its decorativeness will manifest itself as much as possible. It is important to dry the material correctly - this may be needed for several weeks. But at the end of the process, the wood becomes very durable and even forced.
Karelian birch . Known all over the world as a durable and decorative tree. The appearance is very beautiful - gives perlatrum, has a marble texture and amber tint. The quality of the Karelian birch is so high that it is compared with tropical trees, and they are counted not by cubic meters, and kilograms are so valuable.
Karelian Birch is very hard to process, because the wood is very dense, solid. But this material is perfectly amenable to polishing and varnishing. Some types of Karelian birch on a cut have a yellowish color with dark splashes - this is normal and does not testify about the damage of the material.
Nut . We are talking about walnut, which is characterized by high density. This material is perfectly handled, can be polished and vacified, painting. The structure of wood is dense, the lines of fibers are often located at curved directions, so the product looks quite interesting.
Walnut is the most affordable version of the material. It should be borne in mind that when drying, the tree is strongly deformed, but in the already finished form, the material can even be undergoing excessive exposure to moisture.
In addition to the listed tree breeds, in the manufacture of a knife handle, you can use eben or wenge - tropical plants that are distinguished by high density, pink, red and brown shades. This material is very expensive, because it is distinguished by stability and to moisture, and to insect, and to mold / fungus.
How to make a tree handle
Pen manufacturing steps for a tree knife:
Drinking wooden bars, the thickness of which varies within 1 cm. You can make several different bars and put them on the handle alternately - it diversifies, makes a more beautiful appearance.
Grilling. This is performed by grinding machines, work is brought to the ideal of sandpaper. The stage begins only after the desired form was granted to the future handle.
Impregnation of the product. It is usually first impregnated with a wooden handle with linen olifa, you can use mineral oil or varnish, designed to process dishes.
Polishing handles. After a complete drying of the handle, it is necessary to lure it with sandpaper "zero", then lubricate the surface with wax and polish a piece of felt or felt.
Look at the video on how to make a knife handle with your own hands:
From the bone
Handles for a bone bed are distinguished by beautiful appearance, strength and lack of ability to absorb foreign smells. Most often, horns, beans, shells and skeletal bones of animals are used for the manufacture of such a product. Lack of handles for knives from such materials:
Excessive softness (quickly scratched);
low cracking resistance;
If there was a contact of the handle with blood, fat, then it becomes very slippery;
Large weight is uncomfortable to work with a knife, the hand tires too quickly.
Most often, a deer or moose horns are used for the manufacture of a handle, their surface resembles a tree bark. The material does not require long-term processing, it suffices to perform a light surface grinding. The bone handle does not have any metal inclusions, because this material itself is a decoration of the tool.
You can do not have a complete handle for a knife, but decorative lining. To do this, it is often used bones and horn of domestic animals - for example, rams. If natural tails are selected for work, you can make a curly handle for a knife - different images are perfectly cut on them.
Experts believe that bone handles fulfill the role of decorative, they are not practical in use .
Acrylic knobs for a knife are simplicity of manufacture, a large selection of color shades, ease of operation. There are already ready-made bars from acrylic for the manufacture of similar products, which are presented in different colors and can be used to make one-piece (domestic) handles or overhead (riveted).
You can prepare an acrylic workpiece and yourself, for which the template of the future handle is first made - it repeats its shapes and sizes. It will take 2 such templates, because the handle will be overlined. Next, epoxy resin and acrylic adhesive in equal proportions are mixed, the mixture is poured into the workpiece and is left to 48-72 hours for complete drying / frost.
You can add dye to them when mixing two components. If you thoroughly stir the mass, then the shade will be uniform. If you restrict ourselves to short mixing, then "at the output" will be a handle with original divorces.
The easiest and most affordable material for making a pen - berson, because it will take a minimum set of tools to work with it. The greatest advantage of barking handles is the presence in the material of birch tar, it protects all the product from rotting and mold. This material has a very low thermal conductivity, so the knife with a pen from Berestov will be comfortable and during the heat, and during the winter frost.
The handle from Berriest is made from the uppermost layer of birch - it is cut into small fragments, they wash with epoxy resin and pushed the pack in the vice to complete drying. Next, it remains only to give the shape of the handle, pollute it and cover with varnish or impregnation. The entire manufacturing process will take no more than 1 day.
The only, but very significant disadvantage of such a handle is considered its ability to absorb all foreign smells. That is, after cutting fish or meat, get rid of the "aroma" will be very hard, almost impossible.
High-quality modern plastic is distinguished by the following characteristics:
long service life;
does not absorb smells;
It is not amenable to rotting, resolving and cracking;
Even a long stay in water withstands;
Has low thermal conductivity.
Knives with plastic handles are very comfortable in hand, have a small weight, so you can work for a long time without signs of tension, fatigue.
Alone to make a knife for a knife from plastic will be very problematic - you will need a specific tool, and the handle fasteners will have to be thoroughly thought out. Specialists do not recommend experimenting, it is advisable to take advantage of ready-made solutions from shops.
Reznoplast is a synthetic fiber, which is distinguished by ease, practicality and low cost. This material can be combined with wood or leather, which allows you to make different handle design for knives.
The material does not absorb moisture, does not slide in the hand, does not conduct an electric current, does not absorb smells and can be used for a long time even at the lowest air temperatures.
Making a rubbing knob Elementary: It is necessary from a piece of material to cut the blanks of the desired shapes and size, then connect them on the tail of the blade and secure glue. It will be necessary to hold the finished handle with visets and leave until complete drying (about 24-36 hours).
If there is a finished knife handle, but it is necessary to make it more convenient to use, then synthetic fibers like Kevlar, Lavsana or Cordura are suitable for work.
Advantages of winding of synthetic fibers:
are in free sale;
differ in low cost;
resistance to external aggressive impacts;
It is possible to replace the winding to the new one.
Such materials applies to textolite - does not absorb smells, moisture, does not crack under the influence of ultraviolet rays, does not slide in the palm during the workflow. The textolite on the tail of the blade rivets is attached. The only drawback is the lack of aesthetics in a handle from such a material, but the level of practicality is as high as possible.
The drawings for the knife handle can be made independently, but it is much easier to find ready-made solutions - for example, a universal handle is made according to the classic drawing.
Fastening to the blade
After all the stages described above are completed, it will be necessary to fix the handle to the blade. And it is better to do it with rivets - they are practically not noticeable, they will not spoil the appearance of the finished product, and their reliability at a high level.
The handle is attached to the shank blade, for reliability, you can handle the edges of the glue blanks and connect them. Only after that you can proceed to the decoration of the handle - for example, to work the delicate or apply a drawing by cutting. You can do the usual winding using multi-colored threads from synthetic fibers.
How to clean the knife handle
Proper winding of a knife handle with Paraconed application (synthetic rope):
Attach the cord to one side of the handle, fix it near the knife blade and along the entire handle. The cord (its short end) must go beyond the knob slightly. Scotch must hold it tightly on handles.
Perform the movements of Parakord, making a loop. They must fit tightly not only to the handle, but also to each other. Each loop begins and ends on a plot of cord, where it is fixed by scotch.
Tie free cord ends. This is done after Parakord fully wrapped his handle. If there are holes on the handle, the ends of the cord are skipped through it and then only get tied. But you can perform it without a hole - it is important to make the most strong knot.
You can perform a cross with a cross - in this case, both ends of the cord are activated, so after fixing the paracord, a long free end should remain (at least 30 cm). You can, at the end of work, do when the node is tied the housing - the knife can be hung on a brush hand.
The decoration of the handle may be the most diverse:
This drawing fire, in a simple - burning
Fully fine work, requiring certain skills, allowing to apply a variety of patterns on a tree handle
The burning is carried out "blindly", the drawing will be manifested only after applying the varnish layer.
The decoration of the knife handle can be complex - for example, from precious / semi-precious stones, made in several different techniques. But at home, the most affordable species of jewelry are braid, notch and leather decor.
The simplest decoration of the knife knife from the skin is to wake up a thin leather strap, fastening on the basis of glue. It turns out the original relief, and the tool itself is very conveniently lying in the hand and allows them to work for a long time without fatigue.
It is important to perform the following conditions:
handle before starting decoration degreases;
Then an ordinary shoe glue is applied to the prepared surface (it must dry completely);
Leather strips are wound on the handle of the mustache.
After the skin winding is finished, you need to bring the handle to the fire (above it) and hesitate to light it - the glue "floats", the decor can be shifted on the side of the handle. Then the handle is dried again.
Braid is a hook of handle with synthetic materials, cords. The material is selected at its own discretion, but experts do not recommend using too thick cords. If a multicolored material is selected, then you need to monitor the same thickness of each cord.
The braid can be classic or crossed by a cross. The use of multi-colored fibers allows you to create unique drawings on the knife handle.
There are notches on the knife handle only on the tree and until the material is processed by impregnation and varnish. Shells can be performed in different directions and even different depths.
It will be necessary to work with either special wood cutters or a thin file. It is extremely desirable to first draw future notches on paper in a full scale of handles and only then apply them directly on the product.
Shells are necessarily processed by sandpaper "zero" and only after that are covered with oil and varnish.
How to put a blade on the knife handle
It will be necessary to put the blade on the knife to the knife in the event that the latter was made from a solid piece of material. In this case, you need to perform the following manipulations:
Place the handle and in the middle to drill a hole. It is advisable to make it a "wedge", that is, to perform a few progressive drill movements.
Clean the hole with a thin natfil and blow the remaining dust from there.
If the blade shank is not narrow / thin, and wide, then it will be necessary to drill several holes in a wooden handle (the width of all holes corresponds to the width of the tail of the blade), then the drill to remove the remaining partitions and clean the hole from dust, chips.
It will only be left to insert the blade into the knife handle (in the prepared hole) and fix it there with wedges so that the metal is immobile. Epoxy glue poured with epoxy glue mixed with sawdust and leaves for drying - from 1 to 24 hours (according to the instructions).
Can I use a knife without a handle
You can use a knife without a handle - this is a purely individual business. But this is extremely inconvenient - the hand is quickly tired, the palm is injured (even if not open), it will not work for a long time, frost and hot weather will make it impossible to hold the tool even within a few minutes. In addition, such knives without a handle are very uncomfortable.
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Stand for knife
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And here more about the best throwing knives.
The knife for the knife can be made independently, the more on sale there are a variety of materials, and the toolkit will need the minimum. But "at the output" will turn out to be an individual, the author's thing.
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